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Year : 2019 Volume : 45 Issue : 2

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Diseases and Mortality Incidences of Calves Born from Imported Brown Swiss and Simmental Heifers in Western Anatolian Conditions#

Open Access

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to find the disease and mortality incidences of calves born from pregnant Brown Swiss and Simmental heifers imported from Austria in newly established dairy cattle farm in Manisa province and determine the effect of breed, sex, calving type and calving position on calf health. The study material consisted of the 180-days health records of 62 Brown Swiss and 266 Simmental calves born alive from the pregnant Brown Swiss and Simmental heifers imported from Innsbruck Austria. The first calving of heifers was between June and December. Calves’ mortality rates in 180-days period were 3.23% for Brown Swiss and 4.89% for Simmentals; 5.39% for males and 3.73% for females; 3.14% for assisted born, 9.38% for difficult born and 3.81% for spontaneous born calves. Calves’ most common health problems were digestion, respiratory and foot diseases. It was found that calving position had a significant effect on digestion problems and dystocia complications. Treatment was more successful in Brown Swiss, female, twin and spontaneous born calves. Cite this article as: Küçük Baykan, Z., Özcan, M., 2019. Diseases and Mortality Incidences of Calves Born from Imported Brown Swiss and Simmental Heifers in Western Anatolian Conditions. Acta Vet Eurasia 45, 50-55.

Keywords

Brown-swiss   calf   disease   mortality-rate   Simmental  

Corresponding Author

Mustafa ÖZCAN

References

  • Azizzadeh, M., Shoorokia, H.F., Kamalabadia, A.S., Stevenson, M.A., 2012. Factors affecting calf mortality in Iranian Holstein dairy herds. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 104, 335-340.
  • Busato, A., Steiner, L., Martin, S.W., Shoukri, M.M., Gaillard, C., 1997. Calf health in cow- calf herds in Switzerland. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 30, 9-22.
  • Donovan, G.A., Dohoo, I.R., Montgomery, D.M., Bennett, F.L., 1998. Calf and disease factors affecting growth in female Holstein calves in Florida, USA. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 33, 1-10.
  • Fuerst–Waltl, B., Fuerst, C., 2010. Mortality in Austrian dual purpose Fleckvieh calves and heifers. Livestock Science 132, 80-86.
  • Fuerst-Waltl, B., Fuerst, C., 2012. Effect of inbreeding depression on survival of Austrian Brown Swiss calves and heifers. Journal of Dairy Science 95, 6086-6092.
  • Gulliksen, S.M., Lie, K.I., Osteras, O., 2009. Calf health monitoring in Norwegian dairy herds. Journal of Dairy Scie
Daha Fazla Göster

Details

DOI 10.26650/actavet.2019.18020

Full Text (PDF)

Diseases and Mortality Incidences of Calves Born from Imported Brown Swiss and Simmental Heifers in Western Anatolian Conditions#

Open Access

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to find the disease and mortality incidences of calves born from pregnant Brown Swiss and Simmental heifers imported from Austria in newly established dairy cattle farm in Manisa province and determine the effect of breed, sex, calving type and calving position on calf health. The study material consisted of the 180-days health records of 62 Brown Swiss and 266 Simmental calves born alive from the pregnant Brown Swiss and Simmental heifers imported from Innsbruck Austria. The first calving of heifers was between June and December. Calves’ mortality rates in 180-days period were 3.23% for Brown Swiss and 4.89% for Simmentals; 5.39% for males and 3.73% for females; 3.14% for assisted born, 9.38% for difficult born and 3.81% for spontaneous born calves. Calves’ most common health problems were digestion, respiratory and foot diseases. It was found that calving position had a significant effect on digestion problems and dystocia complications. Treatment was more successful in Brown Swiss, female, twin and spontaneous born calves. Cite this article as: Küçük Baykan, Z., Özcan, M., 2019. Diseases and Mortality Incidences of Calves Born from Imported Brown Swiss and Simmental Heifers in Western Anatolian Conditions. Acta Vet Eurasia 45, 50-55.

Keywords

Brown-swiss   calf   disease   mortality-rate   Simmental  

Corresponding Author

Mustafa ÖZCAN

References

  • Azizzadeh, M., Shoorokia, H.F., Kamalabadia, A.S., Stevenson, M.A., 2012. Factors affecting calf mortality in Iranian Holstein dairy herds. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 104, 335-340.
  • Busato, A., Steiner, L., Martin, S.W., Shoukri, M.M., Gaillard, C., 1997. Calf health in cow- calf herds in Switzerland. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 30, 9-22.
  • Donovan, G.A., Dohoo, I.R., Montgomery, D.M., Bennett, F.L., 1998. Calf and disease factors affecting growth in female Holstein calves in Florida, USA. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 33, 1-10.
  • Fuerst–Waltl, B., Fuerst, C., 2010. Mortality in Austrian dual purpose Fleckvieh calves and heifers. Livestock Science 132, 80-86.
  • Fuerst-Waltl, B., Fuerst, C., 2012. Effect of inbreeding depression on survival of Austrian Brown Swiss calves and heifers. Journal of Dairy Science 95, 6086-6092.
  • Gulliksen, S.M., Lie, K.I., Osteras, O., 2009. Calf health monitoring in Norwegian dairy herds. Journal of Dairy Scie
Daha Fazla Göster

Details

DOI 10.26650/actavet.2019.18020

Full Text (PDF)